Across the Europe face ethnic minorities significant discrimination. The same says also a senior research officer at Enar, Ojeaku Nwabuzo. „Workplace discrimination is incredibly widespread. Things haven’t been progressing in terms of people from ethnic minorities or religious minorities being able to get into labour market,” says Nwabuzo. According to 2015-2016 report from the European Union´s Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) experience the ethnic minorities the highest levels of discrimination in relation to employment. Twenty-nine percent of the survey’s 25,500 respondents that applied for jobs in the five years preceding the survey felt discriminated against, with Roma citizens and those with a North African background worst affected.
“You could probably say this is as big a problem as gender inequality and sexual harassment, but it’s more below the surface,” says John Wrench, a Denmark-based visiting professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology who has done extensive research on discrimination in Europe. “That’s the whole problem with this issue; that it carries on reproducing itself below the surface year after year, and people don’t want to think that it’s happening.”
This lack of understanding of workplace racism as something structural is a key reason that European employers underestimate the importace of it, Wrench says. “They think it’s a rather specialised problem done by people who are racists, without realising it’s more of an institutional, structural everyday problem.
Most experts demonstrate that while anti-discrimination legislation isn’t usually well-enforced in Europe, the laws that do exist are adequate. There is also a big difference in discrimination litigation in countries that joined EU in 1995 and thus have more experiences and tend to do better than the countries of central or eastern Europe.